``ASAP: an AS-Aware Peer-relay protocol for high quality VoIP" Shansi Ren, Lei Guo, and Xiaodong Zhang Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS'06), Lisbon, Portugal, July 4-7, 2006. Abstract Peer-to-peer (P2P) technology has been successfully applied in Internet telephony or Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), such as the Skype system, where P2P is used for both searching clients and relaying voice packets. Selecting one or multiple suitable peers to relay voice packets is a critical factor for the quality, scalability and cost of a VoIP system. In this paper, we first present two sets of intensive Internet measurement results to confirm the benefits gained by peer relays in VoIP, and to investigate the performance of the Skype system. We obtain the following results: (1) many relay peer selections are suboptimal; (2) the waiting time to select a relay node can be quite long; and (3) there are a large number of unnecessary probes, resulting in heavy network traffic to limit scalability of the VoIP system. Our further analysis shows that two main reasons cause these problems. First, the peer selections do not take Autonomous System (AS) topology into consideration, and second, the complex communication relationships among peers are not well utilized. Motivated by our measurements and analysis, we propose an AS-aware peer-relay protocol called ASAP. Our objective is to significantly improve VoIP quality and system scalability with low overhead. Our intensive evaluation by trace-driven simulation shows ASAP is highly effective and easy to implement on the Internet for building large and scalable VoIP systems.Back to the Publication Page.
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